Notes from Holy Images by Edwyn Bevan (2)

Pg. 46 –
Bevan finds two grounds on which the Old Testament (OT) denounced idolatry:
(1) that inanimate matter was treated as though it were alive
(2) that a similitude of a living thing were made to represent God (Exodus 20:4, Deuteronomy 5:8)

I am skipping the context of the discussion…

Two 2nd century apologists for image-worship in the Greek world were:
1) Dio Chrysostom and
2) Maximus of Tyre

Pg. 64-65
It seems that Dio Chrysostom and Maximus of Tyre were responding to the protests raised by Greek philosophers. The two OT grounds of objections listed above can be found among the Greeks long before they came into contact with Jews or Christians. Heraclitus, Diogenes of Sinope, Xenophanes, the Stoics (e.g. Zeno of Citium, the polymath Posidonius of Apamea) and the Cynics are examples of Greeks who voiced strong objections to idol worship.