Jonathan & Gideon – Noting Some Parallels

1 Samuel 14  Judges
 Jonathan is accompanied by only one servant (v.7).  Gideon is accompanied by one servant (Judges 7:10-11).
 Jonathan looks for a sign (vv. 9-10).  Gideon puts out a fleece (Judges 7:13-15).
 A panic breaks out among the Philistines (v.15).  A panic breaks out among the Midianites (Judges 7:21).
 Confusion breaks out among the enemies and they kill themselves using their own swords (v.20).  Confusion breaks out among the enemies and they kill themselves using their own swords (Judges 7:22).
 Reinforcements come from the hill country of Ephraim (v.22).  Reinforcements come from the hill country of Ephraim (Judges 7:24).
 The enemy is pursued (v. 22).  The enemy is pursued (Judges 7:23).

~ I got my notes from the 2 Samuel Commentary from Dr. Thomas Constable’s SonicLight.com website.

Then there are opposites:

(1) Jonathan is willing to take a chance, a risk. Gideon is not.

(2) God does not demonstrate anything supernatural in Jonathan’s life prior to the war being initiated with the Philistines. Gideon meets with the angel of the Lord. Gideon also puts out the fleece.

(3) Jonathan is full of courage and faith.  Gideon was full of fear even after the fleece incident, so much so that God had to give him a sneak preview of what was to come:

That same night the Lord said to him, “Arise, go down against the camp, for I have given it into your hand. 10 But if you are afraid to go down, go down to the camp with Purah your servant. 11 And you shall hear what they say, and afterward your hands shall be strengthened to go down against the camp.” ~ Judges 7

(4) Jonathan is the son of a King. Gideon’s admission is the following:

“Please, Lord, how can I save Israel? Behold, my clan is the weakest in Manasseh, and I am the least in my father’s house.” ~Judges 6:15

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