Are Smart People Less Happy? ~ John Piper Interview…

EH_QuoteThe following was one among many question that John Piper was asked on his podcast Ask Pastor John. I found the answer he gave to be very interesting so I decided to transcribe it. The answer that he gives is here (click) , and you can listen to the audio there.

*Note: In the transcription below, the emphasis (underlining, bold face, etc.) and mine. So also the art. 


Tony Reinke: Ernest Hemingway is reported to have once said that ‘Happiness in intelligent people is the rarest thing I know’.

Pastor John, what do you think of this? Is this true? Are the deepest thinkers the most unhappy people?

John Piper: First of all, I doubt that Ernest Hemingway ever knew an intelligent, red-blooded, unashamed, thoughtful, articulate, happy Christian. The circles he functioned in, and the jaundiced view that led him to blow his brains out when he was 61 years old,  with a shot gun, didn’t give him a very good exposure to the possibilities of a kind of happiness that thrives precisely amid the sorrows of knowledge. But, he does put his finger on a truth that is biblical. And it is Ecclesiastes 1:18:

“In much wisdom is much vexation, and he who increases knowledge increases sorrow.”

Piper: Thats what he experienced. And thats true, so my answer is yes. Its true because the Bible says so. At the end of the book, it says:

“Of making many books there is no end, and much study is a weariness of the flesh.”Notice

Thats true. So the intellectual life. The life of the mind. The life of thinking and wrestling with problems and trying to solve them is a life of increased sorrow and weariness. Yes it is. Yes it is. But notice. It does not say that increased knowledge leads to decreased joy. Increased sorrow? Yes. Decreased joy? No. 

What if sorrow and joy increased together almost in proportion with increased knowledge? 

What if the reason all the intellectuals that Hemingway knew were unhappy, is that they were only increasing in one kind of knowledge and not the kind that brings joy? 

Biblically, the case for knowledge, the life of thinking and understanding is mixed. It increases sorrow and it increases joy.  If you would know God better and know the world better and know yourself better, there is a price to be paid in sorrow and vexation.  It will be costly. And there is also pleasure to be had, and it is the Bible says, worth it all!

So, let me give the reasons that I can think of why the Bible says that increased knowledge increases sorrow:

1. Because the more we know, the more we know we don’t know. Its like paddling your little boat of knowledge further and further out into the endless sea of knowledge which is infinite because God is infinite, away from the comfortable shores of security and ignorance.  

The ignorant people don’t know the extent of what they don’t know. Those who pursue knowing  get to the top of a ridge – switched the metaphor now from paddling to climbing – they get to the top of a ridge, that they’ve been climbing for 10 years and as they pull their chin up over their top, they see 10,000 mountains to climb.

The person at the bottom who hasn’t been climbing, he can’t even see over the ridge. He’s lost sight of the person climbing the ridge, so he is not bothered by those 10,000 mountains yet to be scaled out there, so thats number 1, number 2…

2. Knowledge increases sorrow because the more we know the more we know of suffering. This is a fallen world. The more you know of it, the more you weep. It is.  Its futility. Its brokenness. Its misery. The ignorant feel some of it, but those who increase in knowledge of the world outside and the scope of history – its a “conveyer belt of corpses” one historian said, and we weep because of the more we know of this fallen world.

3. Third reason that knowledge growing increases sorrow is because the more we know, the more we are accountable to live up to.  

“To whom much is given, much is required.”

Our responsibility increases.

“Let not many of you become teachers.”  There is a burden to carry when God has given you insight. Yes, Christ gives help with all of our burdens but Paul spoke of an anxiety for all the churches. He carried so much himself and he wanted them to know so much and it was a burden that they learned this and lived this. 

4. Fourth, knowledge increases sorrow because we are compelled to change our ideas of when we learned something. In jumping from that little boat I talked about – that little boat of knowledge that you are sailing on into the sea of what you don’t know. Sometimes you gotta leap out of the boat because it turns out to be wrong. “I’m sailing the wrong theological boat and there is just a little raft of truth out there and you got to leap for it and you get splinters in your hands and your ego and thats painful to have to change your thoughts.

Eccles1_18

I remember I wept my eyes out in the Fall of 1968 as my theology was crumbling and needing to be rebuilt. Its a very painful thing to be able to walk through transformation of what you think you know. 

5. And the last one I thought of was, knowledge increases sorrow because the more we know, the more dementia will take away.  A mind full of great truth from God’s Word and God’s World will feel the sting of senility more keenly than the mind that has less to lose. 

So yes  Hemingway, much wisdom increases vexation and he who increases knowledge increases sorrow, but the message of the Bible is that it is worth it. Its worth the sorrow. 

The summons of the Bible everywhere is “Get knowledge! Get understanding!” The Bible never says run away from it. It  warns you of the pain, but it never says turn and run. 

“My son if you receive my words and treasure and treasure up my commandments with you, making your ear attentive to wisdom and inclining your heart to understanding; yes, if you call out for insight and raise your voice for understanding, if you seek it like silver and search for it as for hidden treasures, then you will understand the fear of the LORD and find the knowledge of God.”

Thats hardly a warning but aggressive an invitation as you could possibly make to go for it. Go for it! Yes sorrow, but go for it! That was Proverbs 2. 

Proverbs 20 – There is gold and abundance of costly stones, but the lips of knowledge are a precious jewel.

Jesus – “You will know the truth and the truth will set you free.”

Hosea: “My people are destroyed for lack of knowledge.” 

Romans 10: “I bear them witness. They have a zeal for God but it is not according to knowledge.”

Colossians 2: “In Christ are hidden all the treasures of wisdom and knowledge.”

So in other words Mr. Hemingway, increased knowledge does increase vexation and sorrow, but that is only half the story and oh that you had known the other half!  In Jesus Christ, this vexing knowledge is a treasure chest of precious jewels.

JPiper

Reinke: “Yes and amen. Thank you Pastor John and in fact one of  the critical things to learn is how to build our intelligence in order to make us more childlike in our dependence on God, not less dependent on Him.

Good Things & Bad Things . . .

For the Lord God is a sun and shield;
    the Lord bestows favor and honor.
No good thing does he withhold
    from those who walk uprightly.
~ Psalm 84:11

A little of a bad thing is a bad thing.
A lot of a bad thing is a bad thing.
A little of a good thing is a . . . good thing.
A lot of a good thing is . . . ? . . . bad thing.  Quite often anyway…

God sometimes withholds good things in our lives because if he gave the good thing, we would not be able to handle it and thus it in effect would have really been a bad thing.

~ So for example if God did not allow me to get promoted to the position of a manager at work, it might be because the promotion really would have been a bad thing for me.  Had I been promoted, perhaps I simply would not have been able to handle the stress level, the added multitasking, the higher workload, managing difficult people, etc. and I would have wound up on a psychiatrists’s couch.

~ So for example… if God allowed me to win the Pulitzer Prize next week, my head might inflate with pride and that would be not be good. And so the Puliz would really have been a bad thing.

If a good thing really were a good thing for us, God absolutely would not withhold it. In real life however, I think we tend to receive good things in increments.

“How abundant are the good things that you have stored up for those who fear you, that you bestow in the sight of all, on those who take refuge in you.”
~ Psalm 31:19

When the Dead Give Life …

When Elisha became sick with the illness of which he was to die, Joash the king of Israel came down to him and wept over him and said, “My father, my father, the chariots of Israel and its horsemen!” 15 Elisha said to him, “Take a bow and arrows.” So he took a bow and arrows …

ElishaAndJoash

20 Elisha died, and they buried him. Now the bands of the Moabites would invade the land in the spring of the year. 21 As they were burying a man, behold, they saw a marauding band; and they cast the man into the grave of Elisha. And when the man touched the bones of Elisha he revived and stood up on his feet. ~ 2 Kings 13:14, 15, 20+

~ I have an aunt who is a psychiatrist. She once walked into the room of a new patient and the patient said to her, “Oh. You can’t help me. You don’t know what I have been through!”

Up above we have a story of how Elisha, a man who during his life healed quite a few people and yet now was sick and headed towards death. Then we move forward in his story a short bit to his death and find out something else interesting. Even while dead, he gave life to someone.

Could my aunt have given life to her patient? Or did she need to go out and get felled by the thing that felled this person and then come back and be on with counseling saying “I know just how you feel?”

~ But thats not really what I wanted to talk about… per this story… Here is what . . .

– Some people cannot draw a line. However they are great art critics. In fact their critiques can be so constructive that an artist with an open ear can actually improve in their artwork.

– Some people cannot preach a sentence. However they can give such good feedback on a sermon heard that the preacher becomes much better. Though they themselves are dead in the pulpit, they however can give life to others in the pulpit.

– An English Lit. prof may at best write dead prose and just even on a good day may not be able to write a line of poetry or fiction. However she may be a fantastic writing coach to her students.

– The list of examples goes on… however there was one that I thought flashed my mind, but I have lost it. Cannot remember…

~ ~ I think I now remember… sometimes when you are preparing a message, you may find that you are not getting impacted by it as you should. So you think to yourself, how can I preach this. If I am not feeling anything, how can others? Should you just not bother?

Not necessarily. The fact of the matter is that no matter your condition, the Holy Spirit can still use your work to impact others. Just because you are perhaps in a hopefully temporarily lapsed state does not mean that the message will not effect anyone.

On Giving Too Much Advice

Ephesians 4:29 states,

“Do not let any unwholesome talk come out of your mouths, but only what is helpful for building others up according to their needs, that it may benefit those who listen.”

~ Its the “according to their needs” clause that has jumped out at me of late.  I can think of at least two problem areas that this verse calls me on.

(1) Giving misdirected advice: The person has a problem with A, and you give advice on dealing with B. Basically results from not listening well.

I had a friend who once talked to me about how she was thinking about dropping out of college and I just rambled on with all this stuff that I thought would help but failed to see that the problems were really sourced in some psychological issues that also were likely connected to home.

(2) Giving too much advice: Blah blah blah. My above example should serve to explain this as well. I have had a habit of just rambling on presuming to know the entirety of a given situation and a person’s life and … Not!

The Bible & A Fortiori Reasoning… All the more so

~ In the Bible, we often find Scriptures that employ what is known as A Fortiori reasoning. This means that you reason from something greater to something lesser (or vice versa). It is a “how much more” form of reasoning.

For example, when Jonah gets upset that God allowed a little plant to die, God responds,

“You were upset about this little plant, something for which you have not worked nor did you do anything to make it grow. It grew up overnight and died the next day. Should I not be even more concerned about Nineveh, this enormous city? ~ Jonah 4:10-11 (NET Bible)

Or…

If the ministry that brought condemnation was glorious, how much more glorious is the ministry that brings righteousness! For what was glorious has no glory now in comparison with the surpassing glory. And if what was transitory came with glory, how much greater is the glory of that which lasts! ~ 2 Cor. 3:9-11 

And one more for the road…

If that is how God clothes the grass of the field, which is here today and tomorrow is thrown into the fire, will he not much more clothe you—you of little faith?” ~ Matt. 6:30

I.e. If Jose is willing to let you borrow $1,000,000 for something foolish and frivolous, then how much more will he be willing to let you borrow $10 for other things.

BG_Xara

The Point: There are certain verses that you might come across when reading Scriptures such that you might consider that these apply to you assuming you have an active, walking and talking with God in Christ. For example,

“In My Father’s house are many dwelling places; if it were not so, I would have told you; for I go to prepare a place for you.” ~ John 14:2

While this is talking about the life beyond this one, it can just as well be applied to today.  From this you could consider that whatever the next stage in your life in the here and now, God goes ahead of you and prepares things for you there and then.  God already has things in the works for when you get there (See Eph. 2:10 also).  And …

And … of course, the usual qualifiers apply of course such as you must be having an active prayer life, seeking Him, not nursing secret sins, etc.

 

The Nature of the Bible

When one considers the nature of the Bible and compares it to the nature of our Lord Jesus Christ, one will find parallels. For example, Jesus Christ was fully human and fully divine. Like so the Scriptures are fully human and fully divine. Another example is that Jesus Christ was without sin – without “blemish or spot” (1 Pet. 1:19). The Scriptures in their original autographs are inerrant.

More about this can be read here: Defending Inerrancy: Affirming the Accuracy of Scripture for a New Generation By Norman Geisler & William Roach.
DI

I draw on this notion of the theanthropic nature of Scripture quite simply to make a simple point and that is that to fix ones eyes upon Jesus is to fix ones eyes upon Scripture. Hebrews 12:2 states “… fixing our eyes on Jesus, the author and perfecter of faith …” It actually states, “fixing” not “fix” which is almost as if to assume that we will be already doing it.

The point is that one way to fix your eyes upon Jesus is to fix your eyes upon the Scriptures. Got guidance? No? Then read.

Quick Observation in Passing ~ On Giving Up

~ I can’t help but notice that as I go through the Gospels, I cannot think of a single instance where Jesus gives up on anything. Not one. He never throws in the towel. He never throws up a while flag.  There is simply no surrender.  No retreat. Zip.  At no point does He ever say to the disciples, “You know what guys. I don’t think this is working. I just don’t. Maybe we need to call it a day and try something else.”  Never. And His mission is the most difficult of all. He is journeying to Jerusalem where He knows He will be crucified.

Can we be like that?

Yes. However we have to be wise enough in knowing what races to run, what battles to enter.  I am not going to join an ice hockey team this weekend in the hopes of winning the Stanley Cup.  Maybe I’ll join a drawing contest, but ice hockey. Uh… No. I would like to keep all my teeth till old age.

Ice Hockey Player

“Only Wounded Soldiers Can Serve”

~ I so like this devotional by John Piper, that I am going to wholesale cut and paste it here. Click on the image here to go to the original page:

DG

Some of you are going through things right now that are painfully preparing you for some precious service to the Lord and to his people.  When a person strikes rock bottom with a sense of nothingness or helplessness he may find that he has struck the Rock of Ages.

I remember a delicious sentence from Psalm 138 that we read at our breakfast devotions last Saturday: “Though the Lord is high, he regards the lowly.” You cannot sink so low in despairing of your own resources that God does not see and care.  In fact he is at the bottom waiting to catch you. As Moses says, “The eternal God is your dwelling place and underneath are the everlasting arms” (Deuteronomy 33:27).

Yes, he sees you trembling and slipping.  He could (and often did) grab you before you hit bottom.  But this time he has some new lessons to teach. The psalmist said in Psalm 119:71, “It was good for me that I was afflicted, that I might learn Thy statutes.” He does not say it was easy or fun or pleasant. In retrospect he simply says, “It was good for me.”

I was reading a book by a Scottish minister last week. This James Stewart said, “In love’s service, only the wounded soldiers can serve.” That’s why I believe some of you are being prepared for some precious service of love right now. Because you are being wounded. Do not think that your wound has come to you apart from God’s gracious design. Remember His word: “See now that I, even I, am He, and there is no god besides Me…I wound and I heal…” (Deuteronomy 32:39).

I am praying for you all who groan under your burden. And I am eagerly looking for the new tenderness of love God is imparting to you even now.

Pastor John

Feb 10, 1981

JP

Sin & Errors

“But where sin increased, grace increased all the more…” ~ Romans 5:20

~ There are sins and there are errors. We commit both.

Sins generally are intentional. Errors (and likewise, accidents, mistakes, goof-ups, etc.) generally are unintentional.

Now in Romans, Paul talks about grace abounding when sin is present. If this is so then how much more can we then reason that grace also abounds when we commit errors, make mistakes, make a blunder or miscalculation, etc.

In fact we can reason that grace abounds even more so than in the case with sins – because after all mistakes are not sins and are not a slam against God.

The next time you make some kind of mistake, goof-up, screw-up, error etc., just pray and leave it in God’s hands. Then watch what happens.  You will find that grace will abound. Its always proven true for me again and again and again. So keep faith and wait for grace.

Just as trials seemingly come out of nowhere, so too do God’s resolutions to our trials.

~ And also – be patient when others make mistakes, errors and such. Remember how gracious God is. Don’t forget.

No Such Thing As Rejection – Only Redirection

The following is an excerpt from an email I sent to a friend of mine ~~~>

~ I learned something good that I want to pass on. Given Ephesians 3:18-19,

“And I pray that you, being rooted and established in love, 18 may have power, together with all the Lord’s holy people, to grasp how wide and long and high and deep is the love of Christ, 19 and to know this love that surpasses knowledge—that you may be filled to the measure of all the fullness of God.”

~ God accepts us in ways that no human ever will. (In process: God’s depth of acceptance swallows up and cancels out our shallow human rejection.) So??? We can say that in the Christian life there is not such thing as rejection. There is no such thing as rejection – only redirection.

So you go through a job interview and get rejected… Guess what? From the God’s eye point of view, you did not get rejected. You just got redirected.

So you applied to get into XYZ University to study engineering or whatever… and the school rejected you. While that is a tough pill to swallow – from the God’s providential hand moving point of view – what the long term will indicate is that you were not really rejected. You were just redirected and that too redirected into a path more fitting with your desires – with what you like.

So… no such thing as rejection – just redirection.

From Bad to Good

A. GOD’S PART: Working in ALL THINGS, good & bad to bring about GOOD

“And we know that in ALL THINGS God works for the good of those who love Him, who have been called according to His purpose.” ~ Romans 8:28

B. GOD’S PART: Working in ALL THINGS, even evil things to bring about GOOD

“As for you, you meant evil against me, but God meant it for good, to bring it about that many people should be kept alive, as they are today.” ~ Genesis 50:20

C. OUR PART: Trust & acknowledge God in ALL THINGS ( = ALL OUR WAYS)

Trust in the Lord with all your heart and lean not on your own understanding; in all your ways acknowledge Him, and He will make your paths straight.” ~ Proverbs 3:5-6

“straight” = good

Wilkins On Temptation

wilkinsmatthewI’ve been reading The NIV Application Commentary: Matthew by Michael J. Wilkins.  One interesting note that I have picked up comes from Wilkins’ discussion on The Temptation of Jesus. With regards to Jesus’ second temptation,

Then the devil took him to the holy city and had him stand on the highest point of the temple. 6 “If you are the Son of God,” he said, “throw yourself down. For it is written:

“‘He will command his angels concerning you,
    and they will lift you up in their hands,
    so that you will not strike your foot against a stone.
~ Matthew 4:5-6

Wilkins says the following.

“Temptations are one of the enemy’s way of trying to get a person to go contrary to God’s will. Therefore, a temptation is not always trying to get a person to do something that is inherently sinful. It is not inherently wrong to turn stones into bread. But the Father’s will for the Son at this time is to fast, not to eat.

Therefore, turning stones into bread will lead Jesus astray. The question really is, What is the Father’s will for the Son?”
~ Pg. 158

~ Note – An added complication: What if the temptation does not seem to come from satan? What if it somehow even seems to have its source in the Scriptures? While I am still processing this, do note that satan used Scriptures up above.

Investment Wisdom… from Proverbs

I have been thinking about making a certain sort of investment of late. Basically I have thought of a moving my parents back to their hometown where they have a number of relatives and old friends.  For a number of reasons the town is good for them – e.g. a good church(!), easy driving from place to place, cost of living, cheaper health care, friends and family, etc. I’ve gone back and forth on whether to make this move or not since it will cost a good buck or two.  Subsequent to praying over the matter, I came across an interesting verse with an interesting bit of wisdom:  Proverbs 14:4.

“Where there are no oxen, the manger is empty, but from the strength of an ox come abundant harvests.” (NIV)

“Where there are no oxen, the manger is clean, but abundant crops come by the strength of the ox.” (ESV) 

ploughing

I could not understand this verse. I mean go back and think about it. What do you think it is really saying?

So I did some reading on it on the net. What I found was quite interesting. It actually takes me back to my grandfather’s days as a farmer.  What I recall is that in the village that he lived in he owned a bunch of oxes and buffaloes. These animals were in a backyard type area of his thatched roof home.

What that meant was that you could at times hear the oxen moo right there in his living room type area and at times you could even smell a little bit of their dung in his sleeping area or at times see a muddy hoof-print or two or four here and there in certain parts of his housing area or at times see some spilled hay lying around here and there.  I.e. You could see a slight mess here and there on account of the cows.

Moo-ving on…

So here is the deal. The verse up above is putting before you a couple of options and this relates to investing. What are they?  Consider the following situation:

~ Suppose you have a $X bucks. With this $X  bucks you can do one of two things – invest in something – maybe additional schooling or a software product or a startup … or a cow. Whatever.

~~>Here is the thing though – the $X is basically all you have. If you invest it, then you have nothing left or very little left in the bank. Are you willing to risk it?

Some people will shrug and say – no. They will take the safe or clean option.  They want a clean (= empty) manger and yes they will get it.

Others will take a chance and invest. Yes, the process will be messy. You will have to be involved in negotiations nonstop. You will have to burn the midnight oil many times.  You may be nervous at times because your bank account is low.  Toil and labor will be awaiting you. You may even smell the faint odor of cow dung. Ugh!  Its not clean. But –

“… but from the strength of an ox come abundant harvests.” ~ Proverbs 14:4

Charity Is Not Easily Provoked by Hugh Binning (1627–1653)

~ Its the holiday season – a time when friends and family get together to sing carols, indulge in holiday cheer, pass out hugs, joke, laugh, catch up on the past, fellowship and generally get on each others nerves.

So if you are one of those people who has to “look” forward to not only jokes and hugs but also barbs and jabs from relatives and others, then this short bit from the Scottish theologian, Rev. Hugh Binning might be of help.:

Charity ‘is not easily provoked.’ …  where there is much provocation given, yet it is not provoked. Now to complete it, it is not easily provoked at light offences.

Gunpowder

It is strange how little a spark of injuries puts all in a flame, because our spirits are as gunpowder,—so capable of combustion through corruption. How ridiculous, for the most part, are the causes of our wrath! For light things we are heavily moved, and for ridiculous things sadly, even as children who fall out among themselves for toys and trifles, or as beasts that are provoked upon the very show of a colour, as red or such like.

Bullfighter

We would save ourselves much labour, if we could judge before we suffer ourselves to be provoked. But now we follow the first appearance of wrong; and being once moved from without, we continue our commotion within, lest we should seem to be angry without a cause.

But charity hath a more solid foundation. It dwells in God, for God is love; and so is truly great, truly high, and looks down with a steadfast countenance upon these lower things. The upper world is continually calm and serene. No clouds, no tempests there, no winds, nothing to disturb the harmonious and uniform motion: but it is this lower world that is troubled and tossed with tempests, and obscured with clouds. So a soul dwelling in God by love, is exalted above the cloudy region. He is calm, quiet, serene, and is not disturbed or interrupted in his motion of love to God or men.”

~ From A Treatise of Christian Christian Love: John 13:35 by Hugh Binning @ covenanter.org

My Two Cents: I always say that 80% of life is just water under the bridge. That means that a huge chunk of what happens in life – the bad stuff that is – just comes and goes and we ought not to get to worked up over it. The best thing to do about it is to just pray it out of you.  It is just not worth getting into a huff over it and then quite possibly destroying future opportunities for a Gospel witness . Just put it all in God’s hands.

Old Spurgeon Devotional – God’s Guidance is Continuous – Literally…

The following is the December 27th, Evening devotional from, Charles Spurgeon’s Morning and Evening Devotionals.

It really hit home for me. Perhaps this is because in the back of my mind, I keep thinking that God only guides me when I make a very conscious effort to seek Him or when I have to make major decisions regarding some huge issue. The fact of the matter is that God’s guidance is 100% continuous. He is totally gracious. Perhaps the only time God hits the pause button is when our prayer life becomes rusty to the extreme and sin in present. Anyway…


“And the LORD shall guide thee continually.”
Isaiah 58:11

“The Lord shall guide thee.” Not an angel, but JEHOVAH shall guide thee. He said he would not go through the wilderness before his people, an angel should go before them to lead them in the way; but Moses said, “If thy presence go not with me, carry us not up hence.”

Christian, God has not left you in your earthly pilgrimage to an angel’s guidance: he himself leads the van. You may not see the cloudy, fiery pillar, but Jehovah will never forsake you. Notice the word shall-“The Lord shall guide thee.” How certain this makes it! How sure it is that God will not forsake us! His precious “shalls” and “wills” are better than men’s oaths. “I will never leave thee, nor forsake thee.”

Then observe the adverb continually. We are not merely to be guided sometimes, but we are to have a perpetual monitor; not occasionally to be left to our own understanding, and so to wander, but we are continually to hear the guiding voice of the Great Shepherd; and if we follow close at his heels, we shall not err, but be led by a right way to a city to dwell in. If you have to change your position in life; if you have to emigrate to distant shores; if it should happen that you are cast into poverty, or uplifted suddenly into a more responsible position than the one you now occupy; if you are thrown among strangers, or cast among foes, yet tremble not, for “the Lord shall guide thee continually.” There are no dilemmas out of which you shall not be delivered if you live near to God, and your heart be kept warm with holy love. He goes not amiss who goes in the company of God. Like Enoch, walk with God, and you cannot mistake your road. You have infallible wisdom to direct you, immutable love to comfort you, and eternal power to defend you. “Jehovah”-mark the word-“Jehovah shall guide thee continually.”