52 : According to Tradition, the Apostle Thomas came to India
189 : Pantaenus arrives as a missionary from Alexandria
200 : “church of the Christians” in India described in the Syriac Chronicle of Edessa
301 : King Tiridates establishes Christianity as the official religion of Armenia. Armenia is the 1st Christian state in the world.
345 : Thomas Kinayi, a Jewish Christian banker leads the Malankara Nazranis to the Malabar coast from Mesopotamia. They settle on lands given to them by the Emperor of Kerala, the Cheraman Perumal.
380 : Christianity is made the official religion of Rome by Theodosius.
c825, 849, 880 :Tarisapalli (Persian Christian) copper plates of Quilon are drafted. They describe the privileges granted to newly arrived refugees from Islamic Empire;
883 : Anglo-saxon bishops sent by King Alfred to India. They reach Mylapore where the tomb of St. Thomas is supposed to be.
1498 : Portuguese Navigator Vasco da Gama in Calicut; He reports on the presence of Christians here.
1500s : early : Luis Da Salvador – first missionary (Franciscan) to preach in a Telugu Province
1517 : Franciscans arrive in Bardez, India.
1542 : Jesuits in India. Francis Xavier arrives.
1548 : Dominicans arrive in India.
1551 : Augustinians arrive in India.
1560 : The Goan Inquisition: Would last for two centuries till 1774.
1597 : Jesuits arrive at the royal court of Venkata Rajulu in Chandragiri.
1599 : Synod of Diamper (Udaiyemperur) issues the Edict of Diamper, which imposes Roman Catholicism on Thomas Christians.
1599 : The East India Company gets chartered under Queen Elizabeth I.
1606 : Roberto De Nobili in India; He is the first Jesuit to adapt Hindu customs and concepts to communicate the Christian Message.
1635 : b. Phillip Jakob Spener in Alsace (now France)
1651 : b. the Orator Jose (Joseph) Vaz in Goa
1653 : Oath of Koonan-Cross signals Thomas Christian rebellion, or Declaration of Independence, from Roman Catholic hegemony (of Portuguese Goa).
1661 : Bombay is given to Charles II as part of Catherine of Braganza’s (Portugal) dowry
1696 : Drought in Ceylon. Buddhist priests are asked by King Vimaldharna Surya to pray for rain to no avail. Father Vaz is asked and rain pours! Father Vaz is given license to preach all over Ceylon.
1701 : Father Maduit, a French Jesuit missionary in Punganur.
1705 : d. Phillip Jakob Spener (father of Pietism)
1706 : King Frederick IV Christian
IV VI of Denmark, a Pietist initiates missions to India by requesting August Hermann Francke’s help. He suggests Bartholomaeus Ziegenbalg and Heinrich Plutschau, University of Halle students. (*Note – Please see the comments section below. There seems to be a rampant error on the net and even in books that it was King Christian IV and not VI. However King Christian IV lived before Zeigenbalg was even born. I am still investigating this.)
1706 : Danish-Halle Mission: First major Protestant mission to India begun at the Tranquebar colony in the Coromandel Coast.
1706 : German Pietists in India – Tranquebar. 23 year old Bartholomaeus Ziegenbalg & 30 year old Heinrich Plutschau.
1706 : The Danish-Halle missionaries find opposition from the Danish East India company, when it is thought that their work might interfere with their economic interests and profit making.
1706 (?): Ziegenbalg imprisoned for four months by governor Hassius.
~ 1709 : Zeigenbalg writes letters to Hindus asking them of what their impressions and objections were to Christianity. The response received is “the abominably wicked life of the Christians here”. (This is in reference to the Danish colonists, pop. 25,000, not the missionaries.) Another objection was caste. If you converted, you became an outcaste.
1710 : Jesuit missionary Constanzo Guiseppe Beschi in India – Tamil Scholar
1711 : Jose Vaz dies in Ceylon; He will see over 70,000 people convert to Catholicism during his lifetime.
1711 : Ziegenbalg translates the New Testament into Tamil.
1711 : Ziegenbalg opens us a Charity School for children. This might be the first school in India for girls education, and perhaps even the first girls school in Asia!
1719 : Ziegenbalg dies at age 36. His Tranquebar letters will stir the missions spirit of Count Nicholas von Zinzendorf.
1730s: The Great Awakening
1733 : Aaron (?) – first Tamil evangelical pastor in Thanjavur
1740s: The Great Awakening continues
1746 : b. Charles Grant
1749 : Evangelical SPCK missionary Christian Frederick Schwartz in India. Also a statesman and a diplomat. Involved in mass conversion movements in Tirunelveli
1749 : Jonathan Edwards publishes An Account of the Life of the Late Reverend Mr David Brainerd
1756 : Black Hole of Calcutta – June 20
1757 : Battle of Plassey – Robert Clive with an army of ~3,000 defeats Siraj-ud-Daula with his army of over 50,000
1761 : b. William Carey; missionary to India who in addition to missionary work will also promote education and voice strong opposition to suttee (sati).
1772 : b. Raja Ram Mohan Roy
1773 : The Papal bull Dominus ac Redemptor is issued by Pope Clement XIV. It kills the work of the Society of Jesus in India and elsewhere.
1774 : b. Vedanayakam Pillai: teaches Xnty in Tamil folk and classical traditions
1774 : The Goan Inquisition is abolished by the Marquis of Pombal
1778 : The Goan Inquisition is reinstated
1778 : Rasa Clorinda, a Marathi Brahman is baptized by C.F. Schwartz in Palaiyamkottai. (Clorinda = given baptismal name)
1785 : b. Felix Carey
1792 : William Carey founds the Baptist Missionary Society
1792 : Charles Grant writes a pamphlet entitled Observations on the State of Society among the Asiatic Subjects of Great Britain
1793 : William Carey in Bengal, India
1795 : London Missionary Society founded
1795 : The Second Great Awakening begins
1798 : d. Christian Frederick Schwartz
1799 : Church Missionary Society (CMS) established
1799 : Serampore Mission established
1803 : b. Purushottam Choudhary – Telugu hymnist; also writes numerous tracts
1804 : b. John Wilson. Scottish missionary and expert linguist. He would master Sanskrit, Urdu, Marathi, Hindi, Gujarati, Persian, Zend and Arabic – not to mention Hebrew, Greek and Latin!
1802 : b. John Anderson
1806 : b. Alexander Duff. His conclusion is that we must use English medium education to teach Christianity, and we must reach out to the upper caste Brahmins. The masses would be educated in the local vernacular. His rationale: A Trickle Down Effect would take place. (* I think he missed the mark here. It had not been taking place for centuries, so why should it now?)
1810 : William Carey and Joshua Marshman translate and publish the Ramayana in English; they will be criticized for this
1812 : The Goan Inquisition is permanently abolished
1813 : b. Krishna Mohan Banerjea; will work on Fulfillment Theory & Inclusivism
1813 : Abdul Masih begins Agra Mission
1813 : Congregationalists in India. Form the Martha Mission.
1813 : East India Company Charter Act: (On account of William Wilberforce et alia’s work) India becomes open to missionaries. Yet still in Company areas, missionaries would need licenses in order to work, and would be monitored scrupulously.
1814 : Madras Mission begins
1815 : Atmiya Sabha founded by Raja Ram Mohan Roy;Reform movement, which among many things fights against suttee (sati). Roy had seen his own sister-in-law forced to commit sati.
1816 : Travancore Mission begins
1817 : Benares Mission begins
1818 : The Friend of India, an English publication is put out by William Carey & his colleagues
1818 : Dig Darshan (The SignPost), a Hindi monthly magazine is put out by William Carey et alia
1818 : The Samachar Darpan (News Mirror), a Bengali publication is put out by William Carey et alia ~~> “the first newspaper ever printed in any Oriental language”
1818 : Serampore College opens
1820 : Bombay Mission begins
1820 : b. Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar
1820 : Tinnevelly Mission begins
1820 : Precepts of Jesus published by Raja Ram Mohan Roy, which is a cut and past version of the Gospels.
1822 : d. Felix Carey
1823 : d. Charles Grant
1824 : Bishop’s College opens in Calcutta – Anglican
1824 : Gorakhpur Mission begins by CMS
1824 : b. Swami Dayananda Saraswati
1824 : b. Lal Behari Dey
1825 : b. Nehemiah Goreh
1825 : Abdul Masih ordained becoming the first native clergyman of India
1828 : Brahmo Samaj founded by Raja Ram Mohan Roy; theistic society involving ideas from Hinduism and Christianity
1828 : The Breast-Cloth Controversy rages: Shanar (Nadar) Christian converts break caste customs by covering their breasts with a cloth as the upper caste women did. Riots result and Shanar women are beaten, their breast cloths stripped, and Christian institutions are vandalized.
1829 : Suttee (sati) abolished by Lord William Bentinck
1830 : Dharma Sabha formed in in Bengal;reaction to intrusive forms of westernization
1830 : Mysore comes under British control
1830 : b. Imad ud-din Lahiz
1832 : Mohesh Chunder Ghose, student of A. Duff baptized
“A year ago, I was an atheist and a materialist; and what am I now? A baptized Christian! A year ago I was the most miserable of the miserable; now, the happiest of the happy! . . . In spite of myself, I became a Christian. Surely some unseen power must have been guiding me. Surely this must have been what the Bible calls grace, free grace, sovereign grace and if there ever was an election of grace surely I am one.”
1832 : Gopinath Nundi baptized
1832 : Krishna Mohan Banerjea baptized
1833 : Anundo Chund Mozumdar baptized
1833 : d. Raja Ram Mohan Roy in England
1834 : d. William Carey
1835 : Thomas B. Macaulay publishes his famous Minute on Education
1834 : d. Mohesh Chunder Ghose. K.M. Banerjea gives his funeral sermon.
1837 : John Anderson opens the Scottish Free Church School
1837 : Jesuits arrive in India
1838 : b. Keshub Chandra Sen. He will suggest a Fulfillment theory and also a connection between Sacchidhananda and the Trinity.
1839 : b. Dr. Kali Charan Chatterjee: became a Christian in mission school and was subsequently disowned by his bengali Brahman parents.
1840 : b. T.E. Slater; writes on the fulfillment theme in The Higher Hinduism in Relation to Christianity
1840 : Chandra Leela Sadhuni born in Kathmandu, Nepal. She would eventually find Christ in India and be a witness there.
1841 : CMS begins Telugu Mission
1842 : Debendranath Tagore takes over the Bramho Samaj
1842 : b. Mahadev Govind (M.G.) Ranade: founding member of the I.N.C.;staunch monotheist; involved in Prarthna Samaj and Hindu Reform Movements
1843 : Lal Behari Dey baptized
1847 : b. Moses Walsalam Sastriyar
1847 : F.D. Maurice pubs The Religions of the World and Their Relations to Christianity; you can guess what he is arguing for. I’ll say this much. Americans and Europeans are too easily enchanted and entranced by Eastern Religions. If I shaved my head and went down the street to a local secular university and claimed to be the Adi Bramha or something like that.. I’m sure that many would fall prostrate before my feet.
1848 : Nehemiah Goreh is ordained as an Anglican priest.
1848 : Lord Dalhousie appointed as Governor General of India. He would be a great reformer (education, railway, irrigation, etc.) and also a prominent imperialist (“doctrine of the lapse”).
1849 : Paramahamsa Sabha established by Ram Balkrishna Jaykar et al; This and the Gupta Sabha are two secret societies that preceded the Prarthana Samaj
1851 : CMS begins Sindh Mission
1854 : Lord Dalhousie sets up a Postal Service
1855 : North India Missionary Conference in Calcutta (Kolkata)
1855 : d. John Anderson
1856 : Missionary Robert Caldwell publishes A Comparative Grammar of the Dravidian Languages
1856 : b. Constant Lievens – Flemish (Belgium) Jesuit priest aka the “chotanagpur apostle”
1856 : The Widow Remarriage Act is passed allowing widows to remarry. They however would lose rights to their deceased husband’s estate. Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar prominent in this.
1857 : The Sepoy Mutiny/Rebellion (British lingo) or The First War of Independence (Indian lingo) – against the British East India Company begins at Meerut
1858 : b. Pandita Ramabai
1858 : The Sepoy Mutiny is suppressed
1858 : CMS begins Lucknow Mission
1858 : (October) The Breast-Cloth Controversy Continues: Rioting once again results when a petty official strips Nadar women of their breast cloths. (Only high caste women were allowed to cover their breasts.) Nine chapels and three schools would eventually be burned.
1859 : CMS begins Allahabad Mission
1859 : American missionaries James & Sarah Thoburn reach India.
1859 : American missionary Isabella Thoburn (sister to James Thoburn) reaches Lucknow, India.
1860s: Mass conversion of the Mala community in Raghavapuram; Prarthana Samaj founded
1861 :b. Brahmabandab Upadhyay; first Indian to call publicly for complete independence from Britain.
1861 : b. J.N. Farquhar: Will develop Fulfillment Theory
1862 : b. Krupabai Satthianadhan – Her parents were Hindu converts to Christianity. She is the first woman novelist in English from India.
1862 : The Scottish Free Church School evolves into Madras University (double check this)
1864 : d. Vedanayakam Pillai
1866 : Leading Sufi theologian, Imad ud-din Lahiz converts to Christianity along with his brother and father.
1866 : American missionary Isabella Thoburn (sister to James Thoburn) reaches Lucknow, India.
1866 : b. Cornelia Sorabji: Parsi Christian and India’s first woman barrister. Oddly (IMO) opposed to nationalism.
1866-7 : Famine in Orissa. One-third of the Orissa population dies. The famine would impact Florence Nightingale strongly.
1867 :b. Amy Carmichael in Millisle, County Down, Northern Ireland; would be a missionary to India
1868 :Vatican I convoked by Pope Pius IX
1869 :Imad ud-din Lahiz, convert to Christianity, writes Tahqiq al Imam (Investigation of the Faith)
1869 :b. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi
1869 :John Wilson helps found Bombay University and becomes its vice-chancellor
1870 :d. Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar
1873 :Mass conversions of Mala community in Gunnanipudi. In many instances the Malas of their own volition seek out Christians inquiring about Xnty.
1874 : b. Vedanayakam Azariah: India’s first Indo-Anglican Bishop.
1875 : d. John Wilson
1875 : The Satyarth Prakash is published by Swami Dayananda Saraswati; highly critical of Christianity (- unfortunately the Swami failed to take into account nonliteral language (e.g. metaphors) in the Bible).
1875 : Arya Samaj founded
1875 : M.G. Ranade, 32 comes under criticism for his 2nd marriage to a 12 year old girl. He is an important figure in the Hindu Reform Movement
1875: b. A.G. Hogg: He will argue against J.N. Farquhar’s Fulfillment Theory; also write on the relationship btwn karma and redemption
1877 : Madras University is renamed Madras Christian College. Its affiliate was Madras Woman’s Christian College
1878 : Mass conversions (1,000s) of Madiga community. In many instances, the Madiga community will of their own volition seek out Christian missionaries and such wanting to know more about Christianity.
1878 : d. Alexander Duff.
1879 : Florence Nightingale fights against famine in India. She publishes her 3 part article, titled “A Missionary Health Officer for India”.
1879 : b. Evelyn Constance Harris Brand, aka Granny Brand
1880 : b. Vengal Chakkarai
1880s: Officers of the Salvation Army arrive in India. Theologically conservative yet will contextualize by donning Indian garb, eating Indian food, and listening to Indian music.
1880 : The Paropakarini Sabha founded by D.Saraswati; missions wing of the Arya Samaj
1883 : d. Swami Dayananda. Saraswati pulls a John the Baptist on the Maharaja of Jodhpur. As a result he is poisoned to death by the Maharaja’s dance girl. (You have to admire him for this.)
1884 : d. Keshub Chunder Sen
1884 : b. E. Stanley Jones – Methodist Christian missionary
1885 : d. Krishna Mohan Banerjea
1885 : Constant Lievens arrives in Chotanagpur
1885 : Indian National Congress forms – first meeting in December. It is interesting to note that the minutes of this meetings state that there were present “Christians, both native, Eurasian Europeans.”
1887 : Kali Charan Banerjea, a Brahmin convert and member of the Congress will found the Christo Samaj in Calcutta
1887 : Third Congress session: ~35 Christians present. A strong Christian presence would continue to constitute further sessions
1887 : Isabella Thoburn College – the first Christian women’s college in Asia opens
1888 : b. Hendrik Kraemer
1888 : The Student Volunteer Movement founded
1890 : d. Purushottam Choudhary
1890 : Phulmani, the 11 year old wife of 35 year old Hari Mohan Maiti, dies upon injuries sustained by forcible sexual intercourse.
1891 : Sir. Andrew Scoble passes The Age of Consent Act of 1891 which made illegal sexual intercourse with any girl under the age of 12 – even if married. This was the result of a long battle between British and Indian views on sexuality.
1891 : b. A.J. Appasamy
1891 : d. Lal Behari Dey
1893 : Parliament of World Religions in Chicago
1894 : The district of Mizoram is annexed by the British.
1893 : d. Constant Lievens of tuberculosis at age 37 – very untimely. Lievens is a hero. He had noticed that poor tribals were losing all their land in court cases on account of a lack of legal training, so he would take up their cause and become a great legal success in defending them.
1893 : Vivekananda @ the Parliament of World Religions – Preaches pluralism, “we accept all religions to be true”. His influence here is so strong that he is known as “the man of the parliament.”
1894 : d. Krupabai Satthianadhan – very untimely
1894 : Nicholas Notovich, Russian journalist publishes The Hidden Life of Jesus, which claims that Jesus liven in India during His years. The work would go on to be refuted by many scholars.
1895 : d. Nehemiah Goreh
1896-7 : Famine in India
1899 : Samuel Henry Kellogg publishes A Handbook of Comparative Religion; will argue against Fulfillment Theory
1901 : Dohnavur Fellowship founded by Amy Carmichael; will rescue children and women from a life of temple prostitution
1900 : d. Rev. Mawlawi Dr. Imad ud-din Lahiz
1901 : M.G. Ranade, leader in the Prarthana Samaj and the Poona based Sarvajanik Sabha dies.
1905 : Large numbers of Oraons go to Jharkland to seek out Christians in order to learn what it is. Many convert to Catholicism in spite of feudal opposition and police brutality.
1906 : R E V I V A L ~ breaks out among the Mizos and Khasis in Mairang
1906 : Revival ~~> breaks out among the Aizawl during a prayer service led by a lady named Hlunziki. There is a strong conviction of sinfulness and the need for God’s forgiveness present among all who are there.
1907 : d. Brahmabandab Upadhyay
C.F.Andrews – C.F.A would affectionately be nicknamed by Gandhi as Christ’s Faithful Apostle.
1907 : C.F. Andrews publishes The Ideal of Indian Nationality which will be a Christian approach to independence
1908 : S.K. Datta publishes Desire of India which also will provide a Christian approach to independence
1909 : b. Lesslie Newbigin (Church of Scotland missionary)
1909 : John Baptist Hoffman, Jesuit from Belgium starts the Catholic Cooperative Credit Society, a savings society (not a commercial bank) run for and by tribals and also an immense help in liberating the tribals from traditional money lenders and extortionists.
1910 : S.K. Rudra publishes Christ and Modern India, a Christian work on independence
1910 : World Missionary Conference in Edinburgh, Scotland. One finding as stated in the 1910 WMC report: “Missionaries have led the way in the education of girls in India, and set an example which has widely influenced the aspirations of the India of to-day.” Edinburgh has strong fulfillment theory vibes.
1910 : Agnesë Gonxhe Bojaxhiu born … uh… Mother Teresa
1912 : d. T.E. Slater
1912 : Evelyn Harris Brand, aka Granny Brand in India
1913 : Revival – breaks out in Mizoram which lasts for 2 years.
1913 : J.N. Farquhar publishes a landmark work on the Fulfillment theme: The Crown of Hinduism (Fulfillment Theory)
1916 : b. M.M. Thomas. Although initially a Gandhian, he will eventually grow disillusioned with it.
1916 : d. Rev. Dr. Kali Charan Chatterjee: strongly nationalistic and opposed to reserving power in churches to Western missionaries. His last words were “I am a servant of Jesus Christ.”
1916 : d. Moses Walsalam Sastriyar
1917 : P.Chenchiah and V. Chakkarai acquire ownership of The Christian Patriot, a weekly paper
1917 : Narayan Vaman Tilak founds a Christian ashram in Maharashtra
1917 : Christo Seva Sangh (Christian Service Society) founded in Maharashtra – Anglican Mission
1919 : Revival breaks out simultaneously in 3 different and somewhat distant villages: Nisapui, Thingsai, and Zotlang. The cross and Christ’s suffering are central to the revival.
1922 : All-India Conference of Indian Christians. Opposition to the British decision of separate electorates voiced.
1927 : V. Chakkarai publishes Jesus the Avatar; Note Chakkarai referred to Jesus as THE Avatar, not an avatar.
1928 : A. G. Hogg will begin 10 year term as principal of of Madras Christian College
1928 : d. John Baptist Hoffman, German Jesuit missionary
1928 : K.T. Paul will publish British Connection with India, which will be a Christian approach to independence
1929 : d. J.N. Farquhar
1929 : Mother Teresa arrives in India
1929 : Missionary Jesse Brand (husband of Evelyn Brand) dies of black water fever-one, a lethal complication of malaria
1932 : V. Chakkarai publishes The Cross and Christian Thought
1932 : William Hocking, Harvard U prof publishes Re-thinking Missions: A Layman’s Inquiry After One Hundred Years (Fulfillment Theory + liberal social gospel).
1938 : Hendrick Kraemer publishes The Christian Message in a Non-Christian World ad the fulfillment theme
1938 : World Missionary Conference in Madras (Chennai), India
1938 : International Missionary Conference in Tambaram – just south of Madras. Convened by the International Missionary Council
1943 : Famine in Bengal. ~ 3 million Indians die ==> less people died in the two World Wars.
1945 : d. Vedanayagam Azariah
1947 : India gains Independence!!!
1947 : Church of South India (CSI) formed via the union of several major denominations
1948 : Church of North India (CNI) formed
1948 : d. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi
1950 : Missionaries of Charities founded in Calcutta (Kolkata) by Mother Teresa
1951 : d. Amy Carmichael in India.
“Give me the Love that leads the way
The Faith that nothing can dismay
The Hope no disappointments tire
The Passion that’ll burn like fire
Let me not sink to be a clod
Make me Thy fuel, Flame of God”
1954 : d. A.G. Hogg
1954 : d. Cornelia Sorabji: The philosopher, Richard Sorabji is her nephew!
1955 : The Untouchability Offenses Act passed
1957 : Jean Danielou, Roman Catholic theologian will publish Holy Pagans in the Old Testament ;Prehistory vs. Salvation History
1958 : d. Vengal Chakkarai
1959 : Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. visits India to study the Gandhian non-violence.
1961 : The Dowry Prohibition Act passed
1962 : Vatican II convened
1965 : d. Hendrik Kraemer
1965 : Vatican II ends
1973 : d. E. Stanley Jones. Jones to Gandhi: “I think you have grasped certain principles of the Christian faith. You have grasped the principles but missed the person.”
1973 : d. Granny Brand (Evelyn Brand) at age 95 in the Kolli Malai range of India.
“I am not wonderful. I am just a poor, old, frail, and weak woman. God has taken hold of me and gives me the strength I need each day. He uses me just because I know that I have no strength of my own. Please tell the people to praise God, not me.”
1975 : d. A.J. Appasamy
1975 : Jesus Christ and his Teachings in the Light of Vedanta by Swami Satprakashananda; books of this sort will argue that Jesus’ resurrection was not a unique event, that other notable figures have experienced resurrection, and resurrection is intrinsically a spiritual matter (Docetic).
1976 : Jesus the Liberator ~ by John Desrochers (Liberation Theology)
1978 : Jesus and Freedom ~ by Sebastian Kappen (Liberation Theology)
1979 : Mother Teresa receives the Nobel Peace Prize
1996 : d. M.M. Thomas
1997 : d. Mother Teresa
1998 : d. Lesslie Newbigin
Complied from various sources:
- Various Christianity Today magazine articles
- The Beginnings of Christianity Among the Telugus by James Elisha Taneti in Indian Church History Review which is put out by CHAI
- Protestant Missionary Education in British India, by Steve Bishop, in Evangelical Quarterly, 69:3, 1997
- From Jerusalem to Irian Jaya by Ruth Tucker
- Historical Theology by Alister E. McGrath
- The Great Commission – Evangelicals and the History of World Mission, by Klauber and Manetsch
- The Routledge Companion to Christian History, by Chris Cook
- Christianity in India – From Beginnings to the Present by Robert Eric Frykenberg
- British Imperialism by Robert Johnson
- Christians and Missionaries in India – Cross-Cultural Communication in India ed. by Robert Eric Frykenberg
- The Rise and Fall of the British Empire by Lawrence James
- Christianity in India: Two Thousand Years of Faith by Leonard Fernando & G. Gispert-Sauch.
- Various others that I cannot remember off of the top of my head. I will add them later.
Any suggestions? Have I missed anything ? Pls let me know…